Monday, December 17, 2018

Chocolate Crinkles! (Redux)

These are easily the best cookies I make, but they take two days. Here is a much simpler version.

What is tough about these is that my Mom's original version is so very egg-intensive. That is why I have found using silken tofu to be necessary to supply the amount of bulk to them. Using that much banana changes the flavor, and things like ground flaxseed don't fill out the cookies enough. I do add ground flaxseeds to the cookies, though, just for the added nutrition. These cookies are thus a health food!   ;-)

Given that they are so intensive (relative to the amount of time I have for cooking), I double the below recipe. I bake half one day, and the rest a week later (the dough keeps in the fridge just fine). Also, I have tried to bake the cookies the same day as I put the dough together, and they just don't come out as good. I don't know why refrigerating them overnight is important, but there you are.

  • 1/2 C vegetable oil (I use canola)
  • 4 squares (4 oz) unsweetened baking chocolate
  • 2 C sugar
  • 4 eggs worth of substitute (I use ~1/4 C soft silken tofu for each egg)
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla
  • 2 C flour (not whole wheat)
  • 2 teaspoons baking powder
  • 1/2 teaspoon salt
  • 1 C powdered sugar

Soften (but don't completely melt) chocolate as you prefer (I put in a glass 2 C measuring cup and microwave on low until soft). Mix oil, vanilla, and your chosen egg substitute (e.g., silken tofu). Add in sugar and blend very well. Mix flour, baking powder, and salt together. Mix that into the oil mixture. Chill dough overnight.

Heat oven to 350 degrees, and lightly oil cookie sheets (unless you have nonstick sheets). Take about a spoonful of dough, shape into a ball, and roll in the powdered sugar. Place about 2" apart on cookie sheet. Bake for 10-12 minutes; they should spread out like in the picture above. Feed to non-vegans, and when they say how great they are, admit that the secret ingredient is tofu!

Wednesday, December 12, 2018


Who is 6' 2", 160 lbs;
Married the love of his life in October 1992 in Illinois;
First kid born in July;
A self-described nerd?

(Oh, that also describes me as well  :-)

Monday, December 10, 2018

Is Sam Harris the Most Self-Centered Person in the World?

In the latest "Ask Me Anything," Sam was asked about the person who wanted to change his age from 69 to 49. In his answer, Sam compared it to the white con-woman who posed as black, and then to trans people. He concluded that we don't allow people to change their age merely because not enough people are "clamoring to do so."

Once again, Sam's lack of empathy and insight is astounding. This person wants to change his age to benefit himself. No one comes out as trans to benefit themselves. 2018 has had the most murders of trans people in the United States ever, and a similar rise in the rate of violence. This is not to mention what many trans people go through with family and in the workplace.

Hey Sam -- how many people are beaten to death for turning a certain age?

That Sam could even consider for a second that there is some equivalence between "feeling younger" and being trans -- let alone go on the record saying so -- is, to my mind, extraordinarily damning.

In the same AMA, Sam was asked about white privilege. His answer was mostly a long rant about "what about the privilege of a natural athlete??" He went on and on about how great it must be to be a natural athlete.


Sam also revisited his interview with Rebecca Traister. Again, as he did in the intro to the podcast itself, he bemoaned the fact that he hadn't been able to interrupt Rebecca during the interview. Bizzare.

And again, in the AMA Sam claimed it was important that we see how unfairly celebrities have been treated by #MeToo, because "they are the canary in the coal mine." But what was his example of the great injustice? That people were mean to Matt Damon on Twitter.

It would appear that Sam's algorithm is simple: How will issue X affect well-off straight white men? More and more, it seems to me that is Sam's only concern in the world. He's become a new Jordan Peterson, just telling straight white men what they want to hear. How else can you possibly explain his contention that cross-burning darling of the KKK Charles Murray is "the most unfairly maligned person in my lifetime. That doesn’t really run the risk of being much of an exaggeration there."

PS: Another white guy pines for a time when only white guys had power.

Sunday, December 9, 2018

Consciousness and Moral Concern

I've almost never come across anyone who addresses the question of consciousness rigorously. Thus, I was exceedingly impressed with Luke Muehlhauser's work for the Open Philanthropy Project. I don't agree with his estimates, but it is the only thorough and truly open-minded effort to explore the question of which creatures should have moral consideration that I've come across.

Sunday, November 4, 2018

Being a Part

After our Congresswoman Gabby Giffords was shot, EK was a part of two successful campaigns by Ron Barber, who had been Gabby's chief of staff. In 2014, with EK in California at college, Rep. Barber lost by fewer votes than EK would have made calls. That handful of votes were the difference between a congressional vote in Trump's pocket for all his hateful and destructive policies, and a vote and voice opposing hate and bigotry.

Election night two years ago (after making calls myself), I stayed up alone, trying (and failing) to get drunk enough to pass out. Then I waited for EK (then in DC) to wake up and see the news.

I never want to experience that again.

So while some people say your vote doesn't count, working to bend the arc of history toward justice is definitely better than just trying to drink yourself into oblivion.

That is why it was worth it to canvas all afternoon, rather than watching the Steelers and doing more email.

Team Introvert

Saturday, November 3, 2018


Longtime readers know I have almost died a number of times. And friends know that, having attended 12 years of religious schools and studied a number of other religions, I am willing to bet my life there is no afterlife.

But if there was a heaven, it would be vacation days with Anne, repeated over and over: walking around interesting places all day, with breaks for good food (and beer). Here's one day in Passau, Bavaria, Germany this last September.

In Austria

Back in Germany!

Wednesday, October 31, 2018

Vegans vs Animals

Every year, a majority of US-consumers tell pollsters they plan to eat less meat. In reply to an Oklahoma State poll, 47% said they wanted slaughterhouses to be banned. Large majorities always say they intend to eat healthfully, and many say they take the environment into account when making purchases.

How does this translate to the real world?

This year in the United States, per-capita consumption of meat will break all previous records. The same is true globally.

Let's be clear about what this means. This year, despite what people say, despite decades of pro-veg advocacy, not only will more animals suffer than ever before, but more animals will suffer per person.

The hard truth is that people don't act as they say they will act. As a general rule, people will eat as much meat as they can afford.

Given this reality, a number of companies are working to give people the meat they are going to eat, but produced without slaughter.

Yet hardly a day goes by when I don't see a vegan attacking these companies or products. Some attack because they don't like "meat" and they only want people to pursue their particular diet for their particular reasons.

However, there are also vegans who go after products from Impossible Foods, Beyond Meat, and others for their fat content, their sodium content, or something else that is "sub-optimal."

As I hope is clear, "optimal" is not only irrelevant, it is actively harmful. Holding plant-based meats to a higher standard than meat from a slaughtered animal is the ultimate example of the perfect being the enemy of the good.

In case it isn't clear: people don't make optimal choices. If they cared about eating for optimal health, per-capita meat consumption simply wouldn't be at an all-time high! And if anyone really cared about fat or sodium or heme, there have long been better choices out there. For all intents and purposes though, no one buys those better choices. Not only is meat consumption going up and up, so is obesity.

By all means, follow your preferred diet. And feel free to encourage people to eat better and exercise more.

But can we please stop helping the current meat industry by badmouthing plant-based meat or expecting the Beyond Sausages (above) to meet our personal standards? It doesn't always have to be about us.

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

"Both Sides!"

There are few things more frustrating than the oh-so-profound "both sides" column. Below is a truck seen here in Arizona. Where is the equivalent of "Exterminate" and "Kill" on the "other" side?

Click for larger.
One party is driven by fear, hatred, and violence. The other is driven by wanting everyone to be respected and have a fair chance in life.

Bonus fact for the week:

Monday, October 22, 2018

Saturday, October 20, 2018

Climate and Cruelty Revisited

A fair number of stories have mentioned meat and climate change lately.

Here is a typical one that talks about what diet you should eat for the climate. Three days, nine meals. 1 serving of fish, one serving of eggs, one serving of beef, four servings of chicken. Only one meal of the nine doesn't have animal products included (one breakfast).

Yet another reason to hold back on sharing stories that sound good to us. Whenever beef is in a story, chicken will be the real world choice, no matter what we say.

Friday, August 17, 2018

The Greatest Threat to America

I recently listened to Sam Harris' "Ask Me Anything" #13. In it, Sam continues to rant against Ezra Klein, and rave about how "identity politics" is the greatest threat to the country.

My question to Sam is: How many unarmed black people have to be killed, or how many trans people have to be killed for you to care about that?

What would it take for someone's point of view to matter to Sam, other than the point of view of a center-right straight white male?

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Vegans vs. animals: "Me me me me me me me."

The UK animal rights organization Animal Aid has been running a "Mark It Vegan" campaign since 2016. The group recently released a poll showing that some vegans, vegetarians, and self-identified meat-reducers would feel "valued" and "accepted" if grocery stores would mark their products in some specific way to signal those products are vegan.

Because, of course, vegans' feelings are the single most important concern in the world.

I also saw this headline about the poll: "Vegan Labeling May Increase Supermarket Own-Brand Sales." This headline is misleading for several reasons. The first is that the label wouldn't have to say "vegan" to signal to a certain population. It can be a subtle "V" symbol, or just say "100% plant-protein."

Worse, the survey was only of the veg / near-veg population. You can't say how overall sales would be affected without polling all shoppers. We have lots of data showing that labeling a product "vegan" or putting it in a special vegetarian section causes the product's overall sales to drop significantly (more).

So the question is: Do we want more animal-friendly products sold to the wider population, or do we want vegans to feel accepted? Sadly, loads of people fall in the latter category.

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Learning from History to Maximize Our Impact

I've given this talk twice this year. Yesterday, it went very well. The other time – at the Scottsdale VeganFest in March – was the worst reception I’ve ever gotten. Even worse  much worse – than speaking at the Future Farmers of America national convention, when hundreds and hundreds of future farmers chanted “Eat More Meat!”

Dealing with the angry vegan mob; photo by Kari Nienstedt,
who said with much understatement: "It wasn't pretty." 

I’m going to tell you a bit about how I got here, covering some of the lessons I’ve learned along the way.

Note: I did not start out as an animal lover. I grew up in a small town in rural Ohio and went to twelve years of Catholic school. I went fishing every summer and I loved meat. Whenever it was my birthday, I chose Ponderosa Steakhouse. When I started college at the University of Cincinnati in 1986, my family and I made plans to go to the fanciest restaurant in town when I graduated.

It didn’t quite work out that way.

My roommate that year was an older transfer student. For those who don’t know me, I’m 6’ 2”, but Fred was an even bigger guy – 2 or 3 inches taller, probably 70 pounds heavier. Built like a linebacker.

And he was a vegetarian. Fred told me how animals are mistreated on factory farms. Eventually, his appeals to logic and justice convinced me and I stopped eating meat. But I’ll be honest – in a dorm back in 1986, I wasn’t too happy. I was living on Capt’n Crunch and government-cheese sandwiches. I thought I was going to die of malnutrition.

So I went back to eating meat. This leads us to the first important lesson: The vast majority of people who go vegetarian go back to eating meat. Most surveys find that about four out of every five people who go veg eventually quit.

Like a lot of people, I found my fellow mammals more sympathetic than other animals. So instead of going back to eating beef or pork, I ate chickens instead. This is in keeping with a general trend, which is lesson number two: in the United States, consumption of red meat has stayed relatively flat or declined in my lifetime. But consumption of chicken has skyrocketed – increasing 500% in just a few decades.

The next year, I was living on my own. One day, I was staring into the mirror, and a thought just came to me: “How can I consider myself a good person if I continue to pay others to kill animals so I can eat them?” At that very moment – and this is 100% true – the wall started shaking with a loud “BAM BAM BAM!!”

OK, it was someone in the next apartment hammering a nail into our common wall. But it was very shocking. At the time, it felt like a sign. I’ve never eaten meat since. As I learned more, I moved to Amish cheese and free-range eggs, before eventually giving them up as well.

At the time, I was studying to be an aerospace engineer. I had always loved planes and space. I talked about Carl Sagan so much my teachers referred to him as “Uncle Carl.”

But the more I learned about factory farming, the more I realized that I didn’t want to design jet engines or spacecraft. I wanted to do something that would have an impact down here on earth. I won a Global Change Fellowship from the Department of Energy and went to grad school at the University of Illinois with the intention of studying Environmental Engineering.

There I joined Students for Animal Rights. After my first semester, everyone else in the group graduated. I had to decide whether to let the group fold, or take it over and build it up again.

Now I’ll be honest with you – I hated the idea of trying to lead a group. I’m a serious introvert, and the idea of speaking before a crowd literally made me sick to my stomach. But luckily for me, I didn’t give into the fear, because it was through that organization I met and married Anne in 1992.

So lesson number three: if you face your fears, you will meet your soulmate!

Of course, your mileage may vary on that one.

Anne got a job as a professor at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, PA, and we moved there in 1993. The next July, EK was born. There are currently a lot of websites and resources for an entirely plant-powered pregnancy, but there weren’t so many back then. There were exactly zero. Lesson four: you don’t have to eat meat, eggs, or dairy, even in pregnancy.

And you don’t need them growing up. EK earned four varsity letters in high school track and four in cross country. EK ran in the state championships in everything from the 4x800 and two mile to the 5k finals for cross country. EK was also a state champion in Science Olympiad and a National Merit Scholar. They repeated all this at Pomona College, which at the time Fortune Magazine ranked the #1 school in the country. EK earned academic honors and was only the 14th in Pomona’s history to earn four cross country and four track letters on the women’s teams.

Also known as "Hat" to teammates.

EK has always been entirely plant-powered. So there’s lesson number five.

But I’ve gotten ahead of myself. Back in the 90s, I was working on climate change. Remember, this was before climate change was cool – it was just me and Al Gore. However, more and more I found myself interested in activism, not academics. Anne and I co-founded a nonprofit with the goal of trying to convince people not to eat meat. Since Anne had the job, she underwrote the organization for a number of years.

At the time, I was quite ideological (to put it mildly). I worried about definitions and philosophy and “consistency.” I was hardcore, more interested in the purity of my message than in the real-world consequences of my actions.

But in the mid-1990s, I developed a chronic disease. Lesson number six: Avoid chronic diseases.

This disease fundamentally changed how I looked at the world. Words and definitions and purity no longer seemed important. What matters is suffering, and my goal became reducing suffering as much as possible.

I tried to shift my advocacy to something more rooted in the real world. I no longer wanted to just promote my personal philosophy. I wanted to reduce suffering as much as possible, however I could. So where are we …? Oh yeah: lucky lesson seven: please focus on reducing suffering in the real world.

Even with this insight, I didn’t have much success. Although there was a dip for a few years after the Great Recession, the number of animals killed has generally gone up and up and up. Since about 2014, per-capita consumption of animals in the United States continued to break new records every year. I just want to emphasize that, lesson eight: the number of animals killed per person is at an all-time high.

Let me pause here a second, because I believe it is very important to understand that people are eating more animals than ever before. This can be hard to believe, because it goes against the “we’re winning” narrative many groups promote.

For decades, advocates have trotted out surveys showing that people say that they are going to eat less meat. In 2018, once again, more than half the people in the United States claimed they were going to eat less meat. And yet, in 2018, the per capita consumption of animals will be higher than it has ever been, breaking last year’s record.

Lessons nine and ten: People don’t act the way they say they will. It is a hard lesson to learn. It is easy to get caught up in the “good news” on our social media feeds. But reality is harsh.

So if you want to reduce as much suffering as possible, what do you do?

Let’s go back to the beginning: while red meat consumption is relatively flat, chicken consumption is through the roof. Here are four facts that I understood only relatively recently:

1. It takes over 200 chickens to make the same number of meals as one steer.

2. In many regards, chickens are the most abused animals. The situation is so brutal that animal science professor Dr. John Webster noted that industrial chicken production is, “in both magnitude and severity, the single most severe, systematic example of man’s inhumanity to another sentient animal.”

3. This year, the average person in the United States will eat about 26 animals from factory farms. About 25 of those are birds.

4. Just about every single argument for vegetarianism – health, environment, animals – is taken by the general public to be an argument against eating cows and pigs and for eating more chickens.

One example (click for larger).

With these facts, Anne, longtime friend and activist Joe Espinosa, and I founded the group One Step for Animals in 2014. Our message is simple: Please don’t eat chickens. You can find out more at

One Step seeks to be rational and adjust to the facts in the real world. Again, those facts aren’t pretty. If you look around the world, meat consumption is soaring almost everywhere. The statistics certainly seem to indicate that the vast majority of people will buy as much meat as they can afford, regardless of any argument otherwise.

This is depressing, I’ll grant you that. But again, I believe that we should face harsh facts. We don’t help animals by living in a fantasy world.

In addition to adjusting our advocacy message on the demand side, another possible reaction is: If you can’t beat ‘em, join ‘em. Give people what they want, but in a way that doesn’t cause animals to suffer. If people are going to eat meat, let’s change the supply.

Let’s give people plant-based meat that has the same flavor, smell, and mouthfeel. Let’s grow animal cells in a clean cultivator rather than in an actual animal: let’s give people clean meat.

This is why Ethan Brown founded Beyond Meat. It is why Pat Brown founded Impossible Foods. It is why Dr. Uma Valeti founded Memphis Meats.

This is also the reason The Good Food Institute was founded. That’s my day job now. I’m part of the team pushing to advance plant-based and clean meat. We exist to inspire scientists, entrepreneurs, and others to work in the plant-based and clean meat fields. We help them build companies, and we work to create markets so that the meat people eat will no longer cause animals to suffer. You can check out our site at

This is a trillion-dollar industry, and we will be transforming it from inefficient filthy factory farms to plant-based and clean meat.

This isn’t just an old activist’s wishful thinking. Visionaries like Bill Gates, Richard Branson, guys from Google, and the richest man in Asia are all investing in these companies.

But get this: it isn’t just activists and visionaries, either. Tyson Foods, the largest meat producer in the country has invested in plant-based innovator Beyond Meat. Tyson has also invested in clean-meat pioneer Memphis Meats and Israeli clean meat startup Future Meat Technologies. Cargill, the third largest meat company in the U.S., has also invested in Memphis Meats. Maple Leaf Foods, Canada’s largest meat company, has bought plant-based meat companies Lightlife and Field Roast. PHW Group, the largest producer of chicken in Germany, has invested in Israeli clean meat startup SuperMeat.

If the meat industry is buying in, you know this isn’t just a pipedream. It is the future. And by facing facts and working in the real world, we can actually change the world. For real.